Frame tagging

To identify the VLAN a packet is belonging to, switches use tagging to assign a numerical value to each frame in a network with multiple VLANs. This is done to ensure that switches know out which ports to forward frames.

For example, consider the following network topology.

frame tagging

There are two VLANs in the toplogy pictured above, namely VLAN 3 and VLAN 4. Host A sends a broadcast packet to switch SW1. Switch SW1 receives the packet, tags the packet with the VLAN ID of 3 and sends it to SW2. SW2 receives the packet, looks up at the VLAN ID, and forwards the packet only out the port Fa0/1, since only that port is in VLAN 3. Host B and host C will not receive the packet because they are in different VLAN than host A.

When forwarding a tagged frame to a host device a switch will remove the VLAN tag, since host devices don’t understand tagging and would drop the packet.

Prerequisites for 200-301

200-301 is a single exam, consisting of about 120 questions. It covers a wide range of topics, such as routing and switching, security, wireless networking, and even some programming concepts. As with other Cisco certifications, you can take it at any of the Pearson VUE certification centers.

The recommended training program that can be taken at a Cisco academy is called Implementing and Administering Cisco Solutions (CCNA). The successful completion of a training course will get you a training badge.

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