Configuring standard ACLs

To create an standard access list on a Cisco router, the following command is used from the router’s global configuration mode:

R1(config)# access-list ACL_NUMBER permit|deny IP_ADDRESS WILDCARD_MASK

ACL number for the standard ACLs has to be between 1–99 and 1300–1999.


You can also use the host keyword to specify the host you want to permit or deny:

R1(config)# access-list ACL_NUMBER permit|deny host IP_ADDRESS

Once the access list is created, it needs to be applied to an interface. You do that by using the ip access-group ACL_NUMBER in|out interface subcommand. in and out keywords specify in which direction you are activating the ACL. in means that ACL is applied to the traffic coming into the interface, while the out keyword means that the ACL is applied to the traffic leaving the interface.

Consider  the following network topology:

standard acl example

We want to allow traffic from the management LAN to the server S1. First, we need to write an ACL to permit traffic from LAN to S1. We can use the following command on R1:

R1(config)#access-list 1 permit

The command above permits traffic from all IP addresses that begin with 10.0.0. We could also target the specific host by using the host keyword:

R1(config)#access-list 1 permit host

The command above permits traffic only from the host with the IP address of

Next, we will deny traffic from the Users LAN (

R1(config)#access-list 1 deny

Next, we need to apply the access list to an interface. It is recommended to place the standard access lists as close to the destination as possible. In our case, this is the Fa0/0 interface on R1. Since we want to evaluate all packets trying to exit out Fa0/0, we will specify the outbound direction with the out keyword:

R1(config-if)#ip access-group 1 out

At the end of each ACL there is an implicit deny all statement. This means that all traffic not specified in earlier ACL statements will be forbidden, so the second ACL statement (access-list 1 deny wasn’t even necessary.

Prerequisites for 200-301

200-301 is a single exam, consisting of about 120 questions. It covers a wide range of topics, such as routing and switching, security, wireless networking, and even some programming concepts. As with other Cisco certifications, you can take it at any of the Pearson VUE certification centers.

The recommended training program that can be taken at a Cisco academy is called Implementing and Administering Cisco Solutions (CCNA). The successful completion of a training course will get you a training badge.

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