[Free] 2018(Jan) EnsurePass Pass4sure GED GED-Social-Studies Dumps with VCE and PDF 131-140

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GED Social Studies Exam

Question No: 131

– Exhibit –

For hundreds of years, a huge desert, the Sahara, separated and protected West Africa from European and Asian armies. However, eventually, between the years 1000 and 1500 A.D., Arab Muslim trading caravans from the north and east linked the trading world to three African kingdoms, one of which was Ghana. Ghana’s king ruled more than a million people by the 11th century A.D. Ghana became a rich empire because it controlled the trade routes between the salt mines in the Sahara and the gold mines farther south. The Muslim kings of Mali conquered Ghana by the end of the 13th century. Mali’s capital city, Timbuktu, became a great center of Islamic religion, learning, art, and trade.The Emperor Mansa Musa made Mali the center of gold production and African-Eurasian trade.

Eventually, the Songhai Empire conquered Mali in 1468 A.D. The empire reestablished Timbuktu as a great Muslim trading center in West Africa. Traders throughout Africa sought Songhai’s tin and leather products. Songhai grew and ultimately controlled an area of 1,500 miles across West Africa.

Adapted from The Age of Calamity, A.D. 1300-1400 (Richmond, Va.: Time-Life Books, 1989), 143-148; T. Walter Wallbank et al., History and Life, 4th ed. (Glenview, Ill.: Scott, Foresman, and Co., 1993) 283-286, 324-329.

– Exhibit –

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Which conclusion about the history of West African states is best supported by the information?

  1. The climate was too harsh for human settlement.

  2. European governments controlled the region.

  3. Islam was an important part of the culture.

  4. Cities did not develop there.

  5. Tropical rain forests isolated West African states from visitors.

Answer: C

Question No: 132

Exhibit:

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Which conclusion about ancient forests in the United States does the map to the left best support?

  1. U.S. citizens own most of the ancient forests.

  2. Ancient forests were composed of a single tree species.

  3. Fires destroyed most of the ancient forests.

  4. The ancient forests disappeared through natural causes.

  5. Most of the ancient forests disappeared from the eastern states.

Answer: E

Question No: 133

Exhibit:

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Which occurrence resulted from the conflict illustrated in the map?

  1. a decrease in military presence around the world

  2. elimination of the United Nations

  3. worldwide support for communism

  4. an arms race between Cold War rivals

  5. greater support for trade between Cold War rivals

Answer: D

Question No: 134

According to the viewpoint, which main factor contributes to the higher U.S. death rate from fires as compared to the rate in other countries?

  1. adult carelessness or negligence

  2. use of flammable materials

  3. inadequate safety education for children

  4. lack of firefighting equipment

  5. weak fire regulations

Answer: A

Question No: 135

According to the viewpoint, what would be the best way for a city to decrease its fire death rate?

  1. Hire more firefighters.

  2. Buy more fire trucks and equipment.

  3. Improve safety education in the schools.

  4. Enforce existing fire regulations.

  5. Enforce severe penalties for causing fires.

Answer: E

Question No: 136

According to this viewpoint, why is Japan less likely to have problems with careless fire- starters than is the United States?

  1. considered inhumane in Japanese society

  2. less harsh than imprisonment

  3. a strong preventive measure

  4. the easiest way to deal with the problem

  5. likely to show enough sympathy for the person

Answer: C

Question No: 137

Exhibit:

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Which factor was one of the major causes of the key historical development illustrated in the diagram?

  1. the establishment of the Roman republic in 509 B.C.

  2. the expansion of Roman citizenship in the provinces

  3. the common language and law of the Roman Empire

  4. the building of many Roman roads, bridges, and aqueducts

  5. the decline in the quality and number of citizen-soldiers in the Roman army

Answer: E

Question No: 138

– Exhibit-

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– Exhibit –

Independent Greek city-states existed between 1750 B.C. and 133 B.C.Two of the most powerful were Athens and Sparta.

Based on the diagram, how did life in the city-state of Sparta differ from life in Athens?

  1. Sparta did not have a spoken language.

  2. Sparta had more trade with its neighbors.

  3. Sparta had less military training.

  4. Sparta’s citizens were more religious.

  5. Sparta had more control over its citizens’ lives.

Answer: E

Question No: 139

In 1865, the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution became law.Section 1 reads:

“Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”

Which event occurred in the United States as a result of the 13th Amendment?

  1. The civil rights of all citizens were protected by law.

  2. Women were granted the right to vote.

  3. Racial segregation ended.

  4. Criminals were given more legal protection.

  5. Slavery was declared illegal.

Answer: E

Question No: 140

In a representative democracy, citizens can use initiative, referendum, and recall to bring about political change.An initiative is the process by which voters may place a proposed bill on the ballot for popular approval.A referendum is a bill passed by the legislature placed on a ballot for the entire electorate to approve or reject.An example would be a proposal requiring a deposit to be paid on all glass beverage containers sold within a state.A referendum may also bring up for reconsideration by the electorate an existing law that may not be working as desired.A recall is a device by which a properly elected official can be removed from office by a majority vote of the electorate.

If initiative, referendum, and recall were abolished, which outcome would most harm a democracy?

  1. reducing the power of elected officials

  2. making presidential elections meaningless

  3. diminishing the status of elected officials

  4. reducing the individual’s voice in government

  5. increasing demands on the performance of elected officials

Answer: D

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