Traceroute explained

Traceroute is a command-line interface based tool used to identify the path used by a packet to reach its target. This tool also uses ICMP messages, but unlike ping, it identifies every router in a path taken by the packets. Traceroute is useful when troubleshooting network problems because it can help identify where exactly the problem is. You can figure out which router in the path to an unreachable target should be examined more closely as the probable cause of the network’s failure.Traceroute Read more [...]

Ping explained

ping is perhaps the most commonly used tool to troubleshoot a network. Ping (Packet Internet Groper) is included with most operating systems. It is invoked using a ping command and uses ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) to reports errors and provides information related to IP packet processing. Ping works by sending an ICMP echo request message to the specified IP address. If the computer with the destination IP address is reachable, it responds with an ICMP echo reply message.A ping command Read more [...]